About hyperpigmentation and Melasma
When your skin has chronic hyperpigmentation, you may have a skin condition called melasma. The difference between sun damage, dark spots, age spots, and melasma is how each discoloration appears on your face. Our board-certified general surgeon and medical director, Dr. Matthew Lynch, would like to meet with you about your skin discolorations in a private consultation at Lynch Vein & Aesthetics in Peoria, AZ. Men and women of all ages can have these common patches of darkened skin, which may appear on the face. These tan or brown patches generally occur evenly on the brow, nose, cheeks, upper lip, or jawline. Because it can be triggered by hormones (especially during pregnancy or menopause), melasma is found more frequently to be on the skin of women. Dr. Lynch regularly treats patients using a combination of products and aesthetic skin treatments using his Harmony XL PRO platform by Alma. If you would like more information about treating your skin for hyperpigmentation issues and/or melasma, please reach out to our office by phone or online.
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Symptoms of melasma
You may see dark patches of skin on your face, but this does not necessarily mean that you have melasma. However, when the patches are symmetrical in nature, this is a great indication that melasma is the source of the discoloration. Melasma can be recognized by three types of patterns: centrofacial, malar, and mandibular. These patterns will appear on both sides of the face.
- Centrofacial melasma
Found mostly in the mid-face, centrofacial melasma is hyperpigmentation on the cheeks, upper lip, nose, chin, and forehead.
- Malar melasma
Also known as "butterfly" melasma, these darkened patches of malar melasma are found on the top of the skin of the cheekbones.
Mandibular melasma (along the jawline) is one of the most challenging to treat. Generally, this type of melasma appears on the lower part of the cheek and can spread to the underside of the jawline (or "submental" chin area).
There are no known causes of melasma, but it can be triggered through medications, hormonal imbalances, and overexposure to the sun. Dr. Lynch can go over your medical history, your current medications, and your family's medical history to discern if you have this condition.
Melasma Treatment Options
Dr. Lynch may recommend several options for your melasma-prone skin. There may be medications or topical products that can help suppress the formation of excess melanin in your skin. Also, we have light-based options using our Harmony XL PRO laser platform to reduce the visibility of the hyperpigmentation on your skin. All of our treatments are management tools for your skin's condition. These treatments will not prevent new patches from forming or current spots from reappearing in the future. Dr. Lynch will provide you with a skin assessment before making recommendations on the next steps to your skin repair.
Your Skin care follow-up appointments
If your skin is prone to hyperpigmentation issues, like melasma, you may need to manage your skin's condition. This can include follow-up sessions. Dr. Lynch will want to see you as needed to continually assess your skin for pigmentation issues. When you choose to have aesthetic treatments at Lynch Vein & Aesthetics, he will also make recommendations on how often you may need to have recurrent or maintenance sessions.
Our team also advises you to avoid exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Uncontrolled sun exposure is regarded as one of the leading triggers of melasma, particularly for people with a genetic predisposition to the condition. It is always a great idea to wear sunscreen and limit overexposure to the sun to prevent damaging your delicate skin.
Melasma Treatment Your way
How you decide to treat your melasma skin is up to you. We can understand if you choose to conceal it with cosmetics or continue to spend money on over-the-counter products that do not give you the results you want. However, we can offer you an anti-aging solution for melasma, age spots, and darkened skin patches with our laser and other aesthetic treatments at Lynch Vein & Aesthetics. Dr. Lynch can diagnose and address your melasma with our Harmony XL PRO technology for a terrific outcome. Contact our office today for an appointment to get started.
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